Amino acid sequence and carbohydrate structure of a recombinant human tissue factor pathway inhibitor expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells: one N-and two O-linked carbohydrate chains are located between Kunitz domains 2 and 3 and one N-linked carbohydrate chain is in Kunitz domain 2

Biochemistry. 1996 May 21;35(20):6450-9. doi: 10.1021/bi9524880.


Human tissue factor pathway inhibitor is a protease inhibitor with three tandem Kunitz-type inhibitory domains. The recombinant protein (r-hTFPI) was produced using Chinese hamster ovary cells, and its polypeptide and carbohydrate chain structures were analyzed. The complete amino acid sequence, composed of 276 residues, was determined using a protein sequencer after protease digestion and it was identical to that predicted from the cDNA sequence. Among three potential N-glycosylation sites, both Asn117 and Asn167 were fully N-glycosylated but Asn228 was not. Thr175 was also fully O-glycosylated, but Ser174 was partially O-glycosylated. Carbohydrate composition and mass spectrometric analyses of the undecapeptide OG-11 (residues Leu 170approximately Leu180) showed that two O-linked carbohydrate chains consisted of a type-1 core structure (Gal-GalNAc-Ser/Thr) with 0-3 mol of N-acetylneuraminic acid(s). The N-linked carbohydrate chains were analyzed by two-dimensional carbohydrate mapping combined with sequential glycosidase digestion, after the reducing-ends of carbohydrate residues were tagged with 2-aminopyridine and non-reducing-end sialic acids were removed with sialidase. All the N-linked structures in r-hTFPI were complex-type carbohydrate chains with one fucose residue attached to the reducing-end GlcNAc and consisted of bi-, tri-, and tetraantennary carbohydrate chains in the ratio 1.9:1.3:1.0. Fucosylated tri- and tetraantennary carbohydrate chains with one or two N-acetyllactosaminyl repeats were also found (30% of carbohydrate chains determined). Thus, the region between Kunitz domains 2 and 3 encoded by exon 7 was highly glycosylated by two O-linked carbohydrate chains at Ser174 and Thr175 and one N-linked carbohydrate chain at Asn167. These results indicated that the region is occupied by a cluster of three bulky and acidic carbohydrate chains.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • CHO Cells
  • Carbohydrate Conformation
  • Carbohydrate Sequence
  • Carbohydrates / analysis
  • Cricetinae
  • Glycosylation
  • Humans
  • Lipoproteins / chemistry*
  • Lipoproteins / genetics
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Molecular Structure
  • Recombinant Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Proteins / genetics
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid


  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipoproteins
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • lipoprotein-associated coagulation inhibitor