The association of urinary tract infection with a recent pelvic examination in women

Arch Fam Med. 1996 Jun;5(6):357-60. doi: 10.1001/archfami.5.6.357.


We tried to determine whether women with a urinary tract infection (UTI) were more likely to have had a recent pelvic examination than were women seen for other reasons. We compared 56 women who were diagnosed as having a UTI with 49 controls who had an unrelated complaint (sinusitis). Significantly more women with UTIs had received a pelvic examination within the preceding 2 months (43% vs 16%, P = .01). We conclude that having a pelvic examination is associated with an increased risk of a UTI developing within the following 2 months. This may be due to physical factors related to the examination or to risk factors related to the patients' reasons for obtaining a pelvic examination. Further study is needed to determine if the pelvic examination is an independent risk factor. If so, established preventive measures could reduce this risk.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Algorithms
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Pelvis*
  • Physical Examination / adverse effects*
  • Regression Analysis
  • Risk Factors
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Time Factors
  • Urinary Tract Infections / diagnosis
  • Urinary Tract Infections / etiology*
  • Vaginitis / complications
  • Vaginitis / diagnosis