Trochanteric bursitis, a common regional pain syndrome, is characterized by chronic, intermittent aching pain over the lateral aspect of the hip. The incidence of trochanteric bursitis peaks between the fourth and sixth decades of life, but cases have been reported in all age-groups. The diagnosis may be elusive, especially if symptoms are atypical. This condition can be associated with pain and limitation of function. Treatment includes physical therapy measures, analgesics, and local glucocorticoid injection. In this article, we review the pathogenesis, common initial symptoms, diagnostic approach, and treatment options for trochanteric bursitis.