Epitope-specific tolerance induction with an engineered immunoglobulin

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 May 14;93(10):5019-24. doi: 10.1073/pnas.93.10.5019.


Isologous and heterologous immunoglobulins have been shown to be extremely effective as tolerogenic carriers for nearly 30 years. The efficacy of these proteins is due in part to their long half-life in vivo, as well as their ability to crosslink surface IgM with Fc receptors. The concept of using IgG as a carrier molecule to induce unresponsiveness in the adult immune system has been exploited for simple haptens, such as nucleosides, as well as for peptides. To further evaluate the in vivo potential of these molecules for inducing tolerance to a defined epitope, we have engineered a fusion protein of mouse IgG1 with the immunodominant epitope 12-26 from bacteriophage lambda cI repressor protein. This 15-mer, which contains both a B-cell and T-cell epitope, has been fused in-frame to the N terminus of a mouse heavy chain IgG1 construct, thus creating a "genetic hapten-carrier" system. We describe a novel in vitro and in vivo experimental system for studying the feasibility of engineered tolerogens, consisting of a recombinant flagellin challenge antigen and a murine IgG1 tolerogen, both expressing the lambda repressor epitope 12-26. Herein, we show that peptide-grafted IgG molecules injected i.v., or expressed by transfected, autologous B cells, can efficiently modulate the cellular and humoral immune responses to immunodominant epitopes. This model displays the feasibility of "tailor-designing" immune responses to whole antigens by selecting epitopes for either tolerance or immunity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • B-Lymphocytes / immunology
  • Base Sequence
  • DNA Primers / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins*
  • Female
  • Flagellin / genetics
  • Flagellin / immunology
  • Haptens / genetics
  • Immune Tolerance*
  • Immunodominant Epitopes* / administration & dosage
  • Immunodominant Epitopes* / genetics
  • Immunoglobulin G / genetics
  • Immunoglobulins* / genetics
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Models, Biological
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Protein Engineering
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / genetics
  • Repressor Proteins / genetics
  • Viral Proteins
  • Viral Regulatory and Accessory Proteins


  • DNA Primers
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Haptens
  • Immunodominant Epitopes
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Immunoglobulins
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Repressor Proteins
  • Viral Proteins
  • Viral Regulatory and Accessory Proteins
  • phage repressor proteins
  • Flagellin