Mapping and radiofrequency ablation of intraatrial reentrant tachycardia after the Senning or Mustard procedure for transposition ofthe great arteries

Am J Cardiol. 1996 May 1;77(11):985-91. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9149(96)00034-3.


The Senning and Mustard procedures are often associated with the development of atrial tachyarrhythmias, which may be a cause of sudden death. We hypothesized that atrial surgery creates barriers to impulse propagation, establishing potential routes for atrial reentry, and that mapping combined with knowledge of the surgical anatomy could identify zones that are critical to the tachycardia to be targeted for radiofrequency catheter ablation. Patients underwent mapping to identify early sites of atrial activation that were related to anatomic or surgically created obstacles, with confirmation by pacing to demonstrate concealed entrainment. Radiofrequency lesions were placed to connect these obstacles, while observing for tachycardia termination. Thirteen tachycardias were attempted in 10 patients, 10 successfully. Three patients had 2 distinct tachycardias. Successful sites were in right atrial tissue, although in many, a retrograde approach to the pulmonary venous atrium was necessary. Ablation of the clinically documented tachycardia was successful in 9 of 10 patients. The most common successful site was the region of the coronary sinus mouth, approached antegrade or retrograde. Ablation of intraatrial reentrant tachycardias after the Senning or Mustard procedure is feasible using concealed entrainment mapping techniques, but requires a detailed knowledge of the individual surgical anatomy and the ability to approach the pulmonary venous atrium. Radiofrequency ablation offers significant advantages over other management modalities in this patient group.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Catheter Ablation*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Electrocardiography*
  • Heart Atria / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Tachycardia, Supraventricular / etiology
  • Tachycardia, Supraventricular / physiopathology
  • Tachycardia, Supraventricular / surgery*
  • Transposition of Great Vessels / complications
  • Transposition of Great Vessels / surgery*
  • Treatment Outcome