Mapping quantitative trait loci with extreme discordant sib pairs: sampling considerations

Am J Hum Genet. 1996 Apr;58(4):836-43.


Elsewhere we have proposed the use of extreme discordant sib pairs (EDSPs) for mapping quantitative trait loci in humans. Here we present sample sizes necessary to achieve a given level of power with this study design, as well as the number of sibs that need to be screened to obtain the required sample. Further, we present simple formulas for adjusting sample sizes to account for variable significance levels and power, as well as the density and informativeness of linkage markers in a multipoint sib-pair analysis. We conclude that with EDSPs, the most powerful study design, the smallest genetic effect detectable with a realistic sample size is approximately 10% of the variance of the trait.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Chromosome Mapping / statistics & numerical data*
  • Genetic Linkage*
  • Genetic Testing
  • Humans
  • Models, Genetic
  • Models, Statistical*
  • Nuclear Family
  • Sample Size