Syringomyelia following lumboureteral shunting for communicating hydrocephalus. Report of three cases

J Neurosurg. 1977 Jul;47(1):96-100. doi: 10.3171/jns.1977.47.1.0096.


Three patients are described in whom syringomyelia was identified long after the treatment of communicating hydrocephalus by a lumboureteral shunt. The reason for syrinx formation in these cases could not be determined. In two there was either autopsy-proven or presumed evidence for arachnoiditis, and in the third patient the symptoms of syringomyelia were acutely aggravated by temporary obstruction of shunt. The development of a pressure drop from the intracranial compartment to the spinal compartment with crowding at the foramen magnum is also a suggested mechanism.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts / adverse effects*
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts / methods
  • Humans
  • Hydrocephalus / surgery*
  • Lumbosacral Region
  • Male
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Syringomyelia / etiology*
  • Ureter / surgery