Purpose: The somatostatin analog, octreotide, has previously been found to influence rectal sensation and may also influence anal resting pressure.
Methods: We studied the effect of octreotide on anal resting pressure and rectal compliance in eight healthy patients. Octreotide was administered intravenously as a bolus injection in doses of 100 and 10 micrograms or as infusion of 250 micrograms/hour on separate days and compared with placebo.
Results: Within one minute after a bolus injection of 100 micrograms of octreotide, anal resting pressure increased from 56 +/- 12 to 96 +/- 16 cm H2O (P < 0.005). Octrotide had no effect on rectal sensitivity or compliance measurements. Octreotide counteracted rectoanal reflex by increasing anal pressure almost to the level found with an empty rectum.
Conclusion: Somatostatin thus seems to contribute to the regulation of rectoanal reflex.