Introduction: Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is an autosomal dominant condition characterized by early age of onset colorectal cancer, right-sided predominance, excess of synchronous and metachronous colonic neoplasms, and extracolonic cancers. The purpose of this study is to report clinical characteristics of HNPCC families in our registry.
Methods: This is a retrospective review of medical records of patients with a significant history of colorectal cancer and interviews with their families.
Results: Three hundred one people with cancer in 40 HNPCC families were identified. In 284 of 301 (94 percent) people, 363 cancers were identified. Colorectal cancer only was identified in 182 people (64 percent) and, in conjunction with extracolonic tumors, in another 31 people (11 percent). Extracolonic cancer alone was noted in 71 people (25 percent). Median age at diagnosis of colorectal cancer was 48 (range, 17-92) years. In patients with documented pathology, right-sided tumors predominated (55 percent), synchronous and metachronous tumors were noted in 53 percent, and synchronous of metachronous adenomas were documented in 51 percent of people. Generational anticipation was also noted.
Conclusion: This study demonstrates and confirms characteristics that have been described in HNPCC. Namely, early age of onset of colorectal cancer, right-sided predominance, multiple synchronous and metachronous neoplasms, increased extracolonic cancers, and generational anticipation.