Risk factors for hazardous substance releases that result in injuries and evacuations: data from 9 states

Am J Public Health. 1996 Jun;86(6):855-7. doi: 10.2105/ajph.86.6.855.


This study was undertaken to determine risk factors associated with hazardous substance releases (at fixed facilities or during transport) that have public health consequences. Data from nine states with surveillance systems for such releases and their consequences were analyzed. Risk factors were determined for releases resulting in (1) injuries or (2) evacuations. Both outcomes were more likely to occur as a result of facility releases (odds ratio [OR] = 1.89, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.44, 2.47, for injuries; OR = 3.29, 95% CI = 2.28, 4.74, for evacuations). Releases of ammonia, chlorine, and acids resulted in injuries and evacuations more frequently than releases of other substances.

MeSH terms

  • Disaster Planning*
  • Environmental Pollution / adverse effects*
  • Hazardous Substances / adverse effects*
  • Humans
  • Odds Ratio
  • Population Surveillance
  • Public Health
  • Risk Factors
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Wounds and Injuries / chemically induced*
  • Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology
  • Wounds and Injuries / prevention & control


  • Hazardous Substances