Late Clostridium perfringens breast implant infection after dental treatment

Ann Plast Surg. 1996 Mar;36(3):309-12. doi: 10.1097/00000637-199603000-00014.


Late infection is rare after breast augmentation. Pathogenesis is usually implant seeding caused by bacteremia as a consequence of antecedent distant infections or medical/dental procedures. Reported is the first case of late implant infection, after extensive dental treatment, caused by Clostridium perfringens, an anaerobic pathogen commonly present in the human gastrointestinal tract. Prompt diagnosis and early antibiotic treatment of all bacterial infections, and serious consideration of antibiotic prophylaxis for all bacteremia-producing procedures, is essential for breast implant patients.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Breast Implants*
  • Dental Pulp Diseases / therapy*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Gas Gangrene / diagnosis*
  • Gels
  • Humans
  • Patient Care Team
  • Postoperative Complications / diagnosis*
  • Root Canal Therapy*
  • Silicones*
  • Surgical Wound Infection / diagnosis*


  • Gels
  • Silicones