C/EBP alpha: a critical regulator of genes governing integrative metabolic processes

Curr Opin Genet Dev. 1995 Oct;5(5):565-70. doi: 10.1016/0959-437x(95)80024-7.


The role of C/EBPalpha in the developmental expression of a subset of genes governing essential metabolic processes has recently been elucidated using a mutant mouse model that lacks this transcription factor. The mutation results in a failure of the liver and white and brown adipose tissue to develop normal metabolic functions in the immediate perinatal period, including hepatic glycogen synthesis and gluconeogenesis and the synthesis and deposition of triglyceride in adipose tissue. The metabolic alterations are very similar to those of human infants born prior to the third trimester and suggest that many of the medical complications of prematurity are a result of the lack of activation of C/EBPalpha in development.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue, Brown / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Gene Deletion
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Humans
  • Liver / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism*
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*


  • CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Transcription Factors