Regulation of adipocyte gene expression and differentiation by peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma

Curr Opin Genet Dev. 1995 Oct;5(5):571-6. doi: 10.1016/0959-437x(95)80025-5.


Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR)gamma is an orphan member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily and is expressed at high levels specifically in adipose tissue. Recent data suggest that this factor is a central regulator of adipocyte gene expression and differentiation. Fibroblastic cell lines that express PPARgamma ectopically can be induced to differentiate into fat cells by a variety of lipids and lipid-like activators of PPARs, suggesting that this protein may function to link adipogenesis with systemic lipid metabolism.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adipocytes / cytology*
  • Adipocytes / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins
  • Cell Differentiation*
  • Cell Nucleus / metabolism
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Gene Expression
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Nuclear Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Organ Specificity
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / biosynthesis
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / physiology*
  • Transcription Factors / biosynthesis
  • Transcription Factors / physiology*
  • Transcription, Genetic*


  • CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear
  • Transcription Factors