Mediators, cytokines, and growth factors in liver-lung interactions

Clin Chest Med. 1996 Mar;17(1):151-69. doi: 10.1016/s0272-5231(05)70305-1.


Multiple mediators have been implicated in the interactions between the liver and the lungs in various disease states. The best characterized mediator of liver-lung interaction is alpha 1-antitrypsin. Several cytokines and mediators may be involved in the pathogenesis of the hepatopulmonary syndrome and in the cytokine cascades that are activated in systemic inflammatory states such as acute respiratory distress syndrome. Hepatocyte growth factor or scatter factor is a recently described peptide with a broad range of biologic effects that may mediate lung-liver interactions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cytokines / metabolism*
  • Growth Substances / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Inflammation Mediators / metabolism*
  • Liver Diseases / complications
  • Liver Diseases / metabolism*
  • Liver Diseases / physiopathology
  • Lung Diseases / complications
  • Lung Diseases / metabolism*
  • Lung Diseases / physiopathology


  • Cytokines
  • Growth Substances
  • Inflammation Mediators