DNA from Drosophila melanogaster beta-heterochromatin binds specifically to nuclear lamins in vitro and the nuclear envelope in situ

Gene. 1996 Jun 1;171(2):171-6. doi: 10.1016/0378-1119(96)00002-9.


A DNA fragment designated lambda 20p1.4 binds in vitro to polymerized Drosophila melanogaster lamin. In situ hybridization of lambda 20p1.4 to isolated polytene chromosomes revealed localization at the chromocenter and to the 49 CD region on the right arm of chromosome 2. About 120 copies of sequences homologous to lambda 20p1.4 were detected per haploid genome. Nucleotide (nt) sequence analysis demonstrates that lambda 20p1.4 is an A + T-rich, 1327-bp fragment containing four repeated units between nt 595 and 919. Results suggest that lamin interacts with a region of lambda 20p1.4 between nt 300 and 1000. Confocal immunofluorescence co-localization demonstrates that in situ, the major locus of lambda 20p1.4 hybridization, the chromocenter, is found juxtaposed to the nuclear envelope (lamina). This is the first demonstration that a DNA sequence that binds specifically to nuclear lamins in vitro, is located at or near the nuclear envelope in situ and, presumably, in vivo.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Drosophila melanogaster / genetics*
  • Drosophila melanogaster / growth & development
  • Heterochromatin / genetics*
  • Heterochromatin / metabolism
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Lamins
  • Larva / genetics
  • Larva / ultrastructure
  • Microscopy, Fluorescence / methods
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nuclear Envelope / metabolism*
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism*
  • Salivary Glands / physiology


  • Heterochromatin
  • Lamins
  • Nuclear Proteins

Associated data

  • GENBANK/Z37541