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Comparative Study
, 35 (24), 7802-11

Pigment Quantitation and Analysis by HPLC Reverse Phase Chromatography: A Characterization of Antenna Size in Oxygen-Evolving Photosystem II Preparations From Cyanobacteria and Plants

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Comparative Study

Pigment Quantitation and Analysis by HPLC Reverse Phase Chromatography: A Characterization of Antenna Size in Oxygen-Evolving Photosystem II Preparations From Cyanobacteria and Plants

J S Patzlaff et al. Biochemistry.

Abstract

Photosystem II, the photosynthetic water-oxidizing complex, can be isolated from both plants and cyanobacteria. A variety of methods have been developed for purification of this enzyme, which can be isolated in several functional and structural forms. Knowledge of the pigment content of photosystem II preparations is important for precise spectroscopic, biochemical, and functional analysis. We have determined pigment stoichiometries in oxygen-evolving photosystem II preparations from plants and cyanobacteria. We have employed a solvent system for the isocratic elution of a reverse phase HPLC column in which we have determined the extinction coefficients of the relevant pigments. Pigments were extracted from four photosystem II preparations. These preparations included spinach photosystem II membranes [Berthold, D. A., Babcock, G. T., & Yocum, C. F. (1981) FEBS Lett. 134, 231-234], spinach photosystem II reaction center complexes [Ghanotakis, D. F., & Yocum, C. F. (1986) FEBS Lett. 197, 244-248], spinach photosystem II complexes [MacDonald, G. M., & Barry, B. A. (1992) Biochemistry 31, 9848-9856], and photosystem II particles isolated from the cyanobacterium, Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 [Noren, G. H., Boerner, R. J., & Barry, B. A. (1991) Biochemistry 30, 3943-3950]. Pigment stoichiometries were determined using two different methods of data analysis and were based on the assumption that there are two pheophytin a molecules per photosystem II reaction center. The pigment stoichiometries obtained were comparable for the two methods of data analysis and agreed with previous biophysical and biochemical characterizations of the preparations. The average pigment stoichiometries (chlorophyll:plastoquinone-9 per 2 pheophytin a) determined using the two data analysis methods were as follows: photosystem II membranes, 274:3.2; photosystem II reaction center complexes, 78:2.5; Synechocystis PS II particles, 55:2.4; photosystem II complexes, 121:2.0.

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