Factors associated with cardiac mortality in developed countries with particular reference to the consumption of wine

Lancet. 1979 May 12;1(8124):1017-20. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(79)92765-x.


Deaths from ischaemic heart-disease in 18 developed countries are not strongly associated with health-service factors such as doctor and nurse density. There is a negative association with gross national product per capita and a positive but inconsistent association with saturated and monounsaturated fat intake. The principal finding is a strong and specific negative association between ischaemic heart-disease deaths and alcohol consumption. This is shown to be wholly attributable to wine consumption.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alcohol Drinking*
  • Beer
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / mortality
  • Coronary Disease / epidemiology*
  • Coronary Disease / mortality
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
  • Ethanol
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / mortality
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Smoking
  • Wine*


  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Fats
  • Ethanol