Signalling by the W/Kit receptor tyrosine kinase is negatively regulated in vivo by the protein tyrosine phosphatase Shp1

Nat Genet. 1996 Jul;13(3):309-15. doi: 10.1038/ng0796-309.


Protein tyrosine phosphorylation plays a key role in regulating eukaryotic cell proliferation and differentiation. Genetic analysis in invertebrates has been invaluable for dissecting the signalling events downstream of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs). We have used this approach in mammals to analyse the interactions between the Kit RTK encoded by the murine Dominant white spotting (W) locus and the Shp1 protein tyrosine phosphatase, the product of the murine motheaten (me) gene. Homozygosity for mutations in both W and me ameliorates aspects of both the me and W phenotypes, including the lethal lung disease associated with me and the embryonic lethality and mast cell deficiency associated with W, demonstrating that the Kit receptor plays a role in the pathology of the me phenotype and conversely that Shp1 negatively regulates Kit signalling in vivo.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anemia / genetics
  • Animals
  • Autoimmune Diseases / genetics
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Genes, Lethal
  • Genetic Complementation Test
  • Homozygote
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Lung Diseases / genetics
  • Mast Cells / pathology
  • Mast Cells / physiology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C3H
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Mutant Strains
  • Models, Biological
  • Mutation*
  • Phenotype
  • Piebaldism / genetics
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 6
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / genetics*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction*


  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 6
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases
  • Ptpn6 protein, mouse