The Afrotropical Drosophila montium subgroup: Balbiani ring 1, polytene chromosomes, and heat shock response of Drosophila vulcana

Genome. 1996 Jun;39(3):588-97. doi: 10.1139/g96-074.


A detailed photographic map of the salivary gland polytene chromosomes of Drosophila vulcana, an Afrotropical species of the montium subgroup of the melanogaster group, is presented, along with chromosomal rearrangements, such as reverse tandem duplications and inversions, the well-formed Balbiani ring 1, and the most prominent puffs during normal larval and white prepupal development and after ecdysone treatment. In addition, the heat inducible protein and puffing pattern and the loci of the major heat shock genes, namely, hsp70, hsp83, the "small" hsps, and a putative hsp68, of this species were studied. In the light of the data revealed by the above studies, phylogenetic relationship among the montium subgroup species are attempted.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Africa
  • Animals
  • Chromosomes
  • Drosophila / classification*
  • Drosophila / genetics
  • Drosophila / physiology
  • Ecdysone / pharmacology
  • Gene Rearrangement
  • Genes, Insect
  • Heat-Shock Proteins / genetics
  • Heat-Shock Response


  • Heat-Shock Proteins
  • Ecdysone