Toronto virus (TV), previously called "minireovirus", a human calicivirus classified as genogroup 2 and phylogenetic type P2-A, was originally described in association with diarrhea in children. The second open reading frame, encoding the capsid protein of TV24, was expressed in a baculovirus recombinant. The recombinant baculovirus produced a protein (rTV) with an apparent molecular mass of 58 kDa that self-assembled into virus-like particles approximately 30 nm in diameter with a density of 1.29 g/ml. Antigenic and immunogenic characteristics of these particles were determined by protein immunoblot, immunoprecipitation, and enzyme immunoassay. Seroconversion to the rTV protein was detected in 6 of 8 (75%) patients from a recent outbreak of gastroenteritis associated with a virus of similar phylogenetic type. These results confirm and extend the previous reports of the expression of the Norwalk and Mexico virus capsid proteins.