Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication: cost, morbidity, and outcome compared with open surgery

Surg Laparosc Endosc. 1996 Apr;6(2):140-3.


We report a retrospective review of all patients undergoing both open and laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication from January 1990 through December 1993. Computer data were reviewed to determine the length of hospital stay, hospital costs, and perioperative complications. Questionnaires were sent to patients undergoing Nissen fundoplication. During the study period, 232 patients underwent Nissen fundoplication, and 72 patients underwent laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. The open group had an average hospital stay of 6.1 days, the laparoscopy group, 1.5 days (p < < 0.001). Total hospital costs for the open group averaged $8,616 versus $4,331 for the group that underwent laparoscopic procedure (p < 0.001). Operating room time averaged 10 min longer for the laparoscopic procedure (p value, nonsignificant). In-hospital morbidity was significantly greater for the open group. In follow-up questionnaires, the laparoscopy group experienced an earlier return to "general health" (p < 0.005) and an earlier return to work.

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Fundoplication / economics
  • Fundoplication / methods*
  • Hospital Charges
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy* / economics
  • Length of Stay
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Morbidity
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome