Gastrointestinal motility in neonatal and pediatric practice

Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 1996 Mar;25(1):203-24. doi: 10.1016/s0889-8553(05)70372-1.


Caring for children with gastrointestinal motility disorders requires an understanding of age-related changes in gastrointestinal function and in the clinical expression of disease. Successful evaluation of the child with a gastrointestinal motility disorder necessitates an approach that takes into account not only the child's symptoms, but also the stage of development. This article reviews the ontogeny of gastrointestinal motility; the techniques available for the study of gastrointestinal motility in children; and the presentation, pathophysiology, and treatment of pediatric functional bowel diseases. Differences in children compared to adults in performing and analyzing motility testing and in evaluating motility disorders are emphasized. A more complete understanding of pediatric motility disorders may provide important insights in approaching functional bowel diseases in adults.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Colonic Diseases / physiopathology
  • Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction / physiopathology
  • Constipation / physiopathology
  • Gastrointestinal Motility / physiology*
  • Gastroparesis / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Neuromuscular Diseases / physiopathology