Pediatric bone and joint infections. Diagnosis and antimicrobial management

Pediatr Clin North Am. 1996 Aug;43(4):933-47. doi: 10.1016/s0031-3955(05)70443-0.


Bone and joint infections in children provide unique clinical challenges. When evaluating children with suspected bone and joint infection, the differential diagnosis is broad. Consideration must be given to possible neoplastic and traumatic causes. Appropriate imaging and diagnostic techniques should be initiated without delay. Orthopedic consultation for surgical evaluation should be made early. Prolonged use of antibiotics is often warranted. Treatment often is continued in the outpatient setting, requiring frequent follow-up with appropriate serial laboratory studies to monitor side effects of antimicrobial agents.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Arthritis, Infectious / diagnosis*
  • Arthritis, Infectious / drug therapy*
  • Arthritis, Infectious / microbiology
  • Child
  • Chronic Disease
  • Female
  • Femur / microbiology
  • Haemophilus influenzae / isolation & purification
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Osteomyelitis / diagnosis*
  • Osteomyelitis / drug therapy*
  • Osteomyelitis / microbiology
  • Staphylococcus aureus / isolation & purification


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents