Retinal detachments by squash ball accidents

Am J Ophthalmol. 1996 Aug;122(2):260-1. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9394(14)72019-7.


Purpose: To evaluate the characteristics of retinal detachments caused by squash ball accidents.

Methods: Twenty-six patients had a retinal detachment after a squash ball hit their eyes.

Results: Characteristics of the 26 eyes with retinal detachment were large retinal tears parallel to the corneoscleral limbus located close to the ora serrata usually in the temporal superior fundus quadrant (in 14 [54%] of the 26 eyes) and in the temporal inferior quadrant (in seven eyes [27%]); primarily intact vitreous with a traumatic avulsion of the vitreous base in approximately one half the patients; relatively slow progression of the retinal detachment; and additional damage to the choroid and retinal pigment epithelium in the posterior fundus. The patients were young and did not have severe myopia. Reattachment of the retina was achieved in 22 (85%) of the 26 patients. In 11 patients (42%), visual acuity outcome was 20/40 or better with best correction.

Conclusions: Retinal detachments after squash ball accidents show different characteristics with worse prognosis than do ordinary rhegmatogenous detachments. Protective eyewear should be worn when playing squash.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Eye Injuries / etiology*
  • Eye Injuries / prevention & control
  • Eye Injuries / surgery
  • Eye Protective Devices
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prognosis
  • Racquet Sports / injuries*
  • Retina / injuries*
  • Retina / surgery
  • Retinal Detachment / etiology*
  • Retinal Detachment / prevention & control
  • Retinal Detachment / surgery
  • Retinal Perforations / etiology*
  • Retinal Perforations / prevention & control
  • Retinal Perforations / surgery
  • Visual Acuity
  • Wounds, Nonpenetrating / etiology*
  • Wounds, Nonpenetrating / prevention & control
  • Wounds, Nonpenetrating / surgery