Endotracheal intubation. Complications in neonates

Arch Otolaryngol. 1977 Jun;103(6):329-35. doi: 10.1001/archotol.1977.00780230051006.


Different opinions have developed on the use of endotracheal intubation in newborns and neonates for airway distress syndrome. The ensuing complications of the prolonged use of these airway tubes are drawing increased interest. This article reviews the case reports of 88 patients who received endotracheal intubation for airway problems and evaluates the complication rate as it correlates to the various contributing factors of duration of intubation, size of endotracheal tube, frequency of intubation, concomitant infections, and age of patient, which all lead to the complication rate.

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Bacterial Infections / etiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Newborn, Diseases / etiology*
  • Intubation, Intratracheal / adverse effects*
  • Male
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn / therapy
  • Time Factors