954 MHz microwaves enhance the mutagenic properties of mitomycin C

Environ Mol Mutagen. 1996;28(1):26-30. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2280(1996)28:1<26::AID-EM6>3.0.CO;2-C.


This paper focuses on the combined effects of microwaves from mobile communication frequencies and a chemical DNA damaging agent mitomycin C (MMC). The investigation was performed in vitro by exposing whole blood samples to a 954 MHz emitting antenna from a GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication) base station, followed by lymphocyte cultivation in the presence of MMC. A highly reproducible synergistic effect was observed as based on the frequencies of sister chromatid exchanges in metaphase figures.

MeSH terms

  • Cell Cycle
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lymphocytes / drug effects
  • Lymphocytes / radiation effects
  • Male
  • Microwaves / adverse effects*
  • Mitomycin / toxicity*
  • Mutagens / toxicity*
  • Sister Chromatid Exchange


  • Mutagens
  • Mitomycin