Mortality experience among Louisiana chemical manufacturing employees, 1957-1992

J La State Med Soc. 1996 Jun;148(6):260-6.


A cohort mortality study was undertaken of persons ever employed at BASF's Geismar, Louisiana chemical manufacturing facilities for 3+ months prior to 1992. The 1,870 men and 263 women employees were traced through 1992 (99% follow-up) using employment and pension records, National Death Index searches, social security record matching, and credit bureau checks. Death certificates were obtained and coded for 92% of the 128 decedents. Overall and total cancer deaths among short-term ( < 10 years of site employment) and long-term hourly and salaried employees were fewer than expected based on comparisons to US general population death rates. Deaths due to external causes were higher than expected among short-term hourly employees (23 observed compared to 16 expected deaths). Among all employees, three accidental deaths occurred at work, the most recent in 1981. Four deaths each, due to urinary and brain cancers, exceeded expectation; however, there was no pattern of job assignments suggesting a work-related etiology for these occurrences.

MeSH terms

  • Chemical Industry*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Louisiana / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Occupational Diseases / etiology
  • Occupational Diseases / mortality*
  • Survival Rate