Simultaneous bilateral pallidoansotomy for idiopathic dystonia musculorum deformans

Pediatr Neurol. 1996 Feb;14(2):145-8. doi: 10.1016/0887-8994(96)00003-3.


A 17-year-old Russian male with a 9-year diagnosed history of dystonia musculorum deformans manifested as severe tortipelvis, lordosis, and axial and appendicular spastic dystonia, refractory to medical therapy, is reported. This patient underwent a simultaneous bilateral pallidoansotomy with dramatic results. Postoperative evaluation revealed sustained alleviation of all dystonic symptoms and abnormal movements. Rapid recovery of useful strength in all limbs as well as dramatic improvement in coordination occurred. Bilateral posteroventral pallidotomy and pallidoansotomy in the past have proven effective in alleviation of all parkinsonian symptoms, including dyskinesia and dystonia, without the concurrent risk of intransigent side effects associated with bilateral thalamotomy or other stereotactic surgical procedures. Pallidoansotomy may prove to be the treatment of choice for idiopathic torsion dystonia and merits further investigation.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Dystonia Musculorum Deformans / diagnosis
  • Dystonia Musculorum Deformans / etiology
  • Dystonia Musculorum Deformans / surgery*
  • Functional Laterality
  • Globus Pallidus / pathology
  • Globus Pallidus / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male