Exon/intron structure of the human ALL-1 (MLL) gene involved in translocations to chromosomal region 11q23 and acute leukaemias

Br J Haematol. 1996 Jun;93(4):966-72. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2141.1996.d01-1748.x.


The acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL)-1 gene on human chromosome 11q23 is the site of many locally clustered chromosomal alterations associated with several types of acute leukaemias, including deletions, partial duplications and translocations. Structurally variant proteins derived from the altered gene presumably cause the malignant transformation of early haemopoietic progenitor cells. According to previously published reports, the gene consisted of at least 21 exons spread over approximately 100 kb. In this report a set of genomic fragments was isolated that represent a total of 35 exons (exons 3-37) encompassing > 95% of the protein-coding region (except exons 1 and 2) and the 3'-non-translated region of the gene. The distances between these exons were determined and a detailed restriction map was produced. The majority of the exon/intron boundaries were sequenced and an intron-phase analysis was performed. The results form the basis for a greater understanding of the translocations and other structural alterations of the gene that conserve the open reading frame and thus produce presumably oncogenic variants of the ALL-1 protein.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11*
  • Exons*
  • Humans
  • Introns*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics*
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid
  • Translocation, Genetic*

Associated data

  • GENBANK/Z69744
  • GENBANK/Z69745
  • GENBANK/Z69746
  • GENBANK/Z69747
  • GENBANK/Z69748
  • GENBANK/Z69749
  • GENBANK/Z69750
  • GENBANK/Z69751
  • GENBANK/Z69752
  • GENBANK/Z69753
  • GENBANK/Z69754
  • GENBANK/Z69755
  • GENBANK/Z69756
  • GENBANK/Z69757
  • GENBANK/Z69758
  • GENBANK/Z69759
  • GENBANK/Z69760
  • GENBANK/Z69761
  • GENBANK/Z69762
  • GENBANK/Z69763
  • GENBANK/Z69764
  • GENBANK/Z69765
  • GENBANK/Z69766
  • GENBANK/Z69767
  • GENBANK/Z69768
  • GENBANK/Z69769
  • GENBANK/Z69770
  • GENBANK/Z69771
  • GENBANK/Z69772
  • GENBANK/Z69773