Characterization of double minute chromosomes' DNA content in a human high grade astrocytoma cell line by using comparative genomic hybridization and fluorescence in situ hybridization

Hum Genet. 1996 Sep;98(3):265-70. doi: 10.1007/s004390050205.


The presence of double minute chromosomes (dmin) in cancer cells is known to be correlated with gene amplifications. In human high grade astrocytomas or glioblastomas, about 50% of cytogenetically characterized cases display dmin. G5 is a cell line which has been established from a human glioblastoma containing multiple dmin. In order to identify the DNA content of these dmin, three techniques were successively used: conventional cytogenetic analysis, comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). The karyotype of G5 cells showed numerical chromosome changes (hypertriploidy), several marker chromosomes, and multiple dmin. CGH experiments detected two strong DNA amplification areas located in 9p21-22 and 9p24, as well as an underrepresentation of chromosomes 6, 10, 11, 13, 14, and 18q. By using FISH with a chromosome 9-specific painting probe to metaphase chromosomes of the G5 cell line, dmin were shown to contain DNA sequences originating from chromosome 9. This study demonstrates the usefulness of a combination of classical karyotyping, CGH, and FISH to identify the chromosomal origin of amplified DNA sequences in dmin.

MeSH terms

  • Astrocytoma / genetics*
  • Brain Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Chromosome Aberrations*
  • DNA, Neoplasm / analysis*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Karyotyping
  • Middle Aged
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • DNA, Neoplasm