HIV-associated respiratory diseases

Lancet. 1996 Aug 3;348(9023):307-12. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(95)11037-2.


The lungs of individuals infected with HIV are often affected by opportunistic infections and tumours; over two-thirds of patients have at least one respiratory episode during the course of their disease. Despite the availability of effective prophylaxis, infection with the fungus Pneumocystis carinii remains a common cause of respiratory disease. Bacterial infections, which occur more frequently in HIV-infected persons than in the general population, and tuberculosis are increasing causes of morbidity and mortality. Kaposi's sarcoma, the commonest HIV-associated malignancy, may affect the lungs in addition to the skin. Pulmonary involvement by non-Hodgkin lymphoma is common in those with disseminated disease.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections* / diagnostic imaging
  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections* / drug therapy
  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections* / physiopathology
  • Antiviral Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Lung Diseases* / diagnostic imaging
  • Lung Diseases* / drug therapy
  • Lung Diseases* / physiopathology
  • Radiography


  • Antiviral Agents