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Review
, 120 (1), 83-112

Alcohol Abuse in Individuals Exposed to Trauma: A Critical Review

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Review

Alcohol Abuse in Individuals Exposed to Trauma: A Critical Review

S H Stewart. Psychol Bull.

Abstract

In this article, the author critically reviews studies on the relationship between exposure to trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and alcohol abuse. After establishing that strong relationships exist between exposure to traumatic events and alcohol problems, and particularly between the diagnoses of PTSD and alcoholism, the author discusses various factors, theories, and possible mechanisms to account for these associations. Moreover, she discusses applications of these findings to the assessment and treatment of people exposed to trauma who abuse alcohol. Finally, the author outlines novel methods for testing theoretical hypotheses and makes suggestions for methodological improvements in future research.

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