Development of an antigen capture enzyme immuno assay using genus specific monoclonal antibodies for detection of Chlamydia in clinical specimens

Indian J Med Res. 1996 Feb;103:77-83.

Abstract

An antigen capture enzyme immuno assay (EIA) for Chlamydia antigen detection was developed using polyclonal rabbit immunoglobulins against C. trachomatis, a genus specific antichlamydial murine monoclonal antibody (IgG) against major outer membrane protein (MOMP) antigen of C. trachomatis and a commercial anti mouse IgG immunoglobulin conjugated with HRPO. The test was evaluated against a direct immunofluorescence assay (DFA). Conjunctival specimens from 178 patients with follicular conjunctivitis and cervical specimens from 82 patients with cervicitis were tested for Chlamydia antigen detection by both the tests. Chlamydia antigen was detected in 69/178 (38.76%) and 68/178 (38.20%) of the conjunctival specimen by using EIA and DFA tests respectively. It could also be detected in 24/82 (29.27%) and 22/82 (26.83%) of the cervical specimens by EIA and DFA tests respectively. The sensitivity of the EIA test was 92.64 per cent and 86.36 per cent for the conjunctival and cervical specimens respectively against the reference DFA test. The specificity of the EIA test was found to be 94.54 and 91.66 per cent respectively against the reference DFA test.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antibody Specificity
  • Antigens, Bacterial / analysis*
  • Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins / immunology*
  • Biological Assay
  • Chlamydia trachomatis / immunology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques*
  • Species Specificity

Substances

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, Bacterial
  • Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins