Fetal neural transplantation has recently been demonstrated to ameliorate motor and other behavioral deficits in animals models of Huntington's disease, and reconstruct many of the damaged striatal circuits. However, there has been significant variability in the histological appearance of these grafts, most likely related to differences of the regions of dissection of the donor tissue. Selective dissection and transplantation of the lateral ventricular eminence in rodents has resulted in grafts consisting of primarily striatal-like tissue. This data, combined with data from our own and other laboratories has led to a description of the development of human striatum, with a particular emphasis on the relevance of human striatal development to the field of fetal tissue transplantation for the treatment of Huntington's disease. If the goal of transplantation is to graft GABAergic striatal projection neurons, it is our impression that optimal grafting results will occur when transplants are derived from the lateral ventricular eminence and the lateral aspect of the body of the ventricular eminence anterior to the foramen of Monro. Optimal results are likely to occur when donor ages range from Stage 19 to 23, with possible graft success when donor age extends to as late as postovulatory week 22.