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Comparative Study
, 291 (3), 367-73

Pharmacological Study of Dihydroetorphine in Cloned Mu-, Delta- And Kappa-Opioid Receptors

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Comparative Study

Pharmacological Study of Dihydroetorphine in Cloned Mu-, Delta- And Kappa-Opioid Receptors

S Katsumata et al. Eur J Pharmacol.

Abstract

We investigated the binding characteristics of dihydroetorphine, 7,8-dihydro-7 alpha-[1-(R)-hydroxy-1-methylbutyl]-6, 14-endoethanotetrahydro-oripavine, and its effect on the inhibitory system of cyclic AMP production using cloned mu-, delta- and kappa-opioid receptors expressed on Chinese hamster ovary cells. The Ki values of dihydroetorphine for the mu-, delta- and kappa-opioid receptors were 4.5 x 10(-10). 1.8 x 10(-9) and 5.7 x 10(-10) M, respectively. On the other hand, those of morphine were 1.9 x 10(-9), 1.4 x 10(-6) and 1.3 x 10(-7) M, respectively. Through all of these three types of opioid receptors, dihydroetorphine inhibited forskolin (10 microM)-stimulated cyclic AMP production via pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein(s), and the inhibitory effects were antagonized by co-application with opioid receptor antagonists. The IC50 values of dihydroetorphine for the inhibition of cyclic AMP production through the mu-, delta- and kappa-opioid receptors were 4.2 x 10(-11), 8.6 x 10(-10) and 4.3 x 10(-9) M. respectively. On the other hand, those of morphine were 2.6 x 10(-8), 2.6 x 10(-6) and 1.9 x 10(-6) M, respectively. These results indicate that dihydroetorphine, unlike morphine which preferentially binds the mu-opioid receptor, binds not only mu- but also delta- and kappa-opioid receptors with high affinity and acts as a more potent agonist than morphine for all of the three types of receptors.

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