The significance of traumatic intraventricular haemorrhage in severe head injury

Br J Neurosurg. 1995;9(6):769-73. doi: 10.1080/02688699550040747.


Since the advent of computed tomography (CT) traumatic intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) has been diagnosed more often. It has reportedly been associated with a poor prognosis, but pure or solitary IVH is rare, suggesting that other lesions occurring concurrently with it may contribute to the poor outcome. In a series of 65 patients with severe head injury (GCS < or = 8), 14 (22%) had IVH on initial CT. Death rate in these 14 was 21%, not significantly different from that in patients without IVH (14%), although a significantly higher proportion of patients without IVH had a good outcome. These results suggest that mortality is related to other lesions associated with IVH rather than to IVH alone and that the presence of IVH does not necessarily lead to a poor outcome.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Adult
  • Brain Edema / etiology
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / complications*
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / diagnosis
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / physiopathology*
  • Cerebral Ventricles*
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / complications*
  • Glasgow Coma Scale
  • Humans
  • Prognosis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed