Actin-actin contact: chemical cross-linking between actin and the 2.6-kDa peptide from subdomain 4 of actin

J Biochem. 1995 Dec;118(6):1232-8. doi: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.jbchem.a125012.


Previously, we demonstrated that the 2.6-kDa peptide extending from Arg177 to Tyr198 in subdomain 4 of rabbit skeletal actin bound to actin itself, inhibited the elongation of actin filament, and severed F-actin. The corresponding segment in actin, therefore, is thought to contain the most critical actin-actin contact [Hori, K. and Morita, F. (1992) J. Biochem. 112, 401-408; Hori, K., Itoh, T., Takahashi, K., and Morita, F. (1994) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1186, 35-42]. In this paper, we report on the binding site in actin for the 2.6-kDa peptide studied by using a zero-length cross-linker, 1-ethyl-3(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide (EDC). We conducted limited digestion of actin cross-linked with the 125I-labeled 2.6-kDa peptide with various proteases, and developed peptide maps. The cross-linked region of the 2.6-kDa peptide was found to be within the region of Ala114 to Glu167 in actin by identifying the radioactive peptide fragments. The region was further restricted by isolation of radioactive peptide from alpha-chymotryptic digest of the cross-linked actin. The binding site of the 2.6-kDa peptide was finally assigned to be within the 24 amino acid segment from Ala144 to Glu167, which lies in subdomain 3 of actin. Using computer graphics, actin-actin contact provided by the two segments was suggested to be along the left-handed genetic helix of actin filament.

MeSH terms

  • Actins / chemistry*
  • Actins / isolation & purification
  • Actins / metabolism*
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • Chromatography, Gel
  • Computer Graphics
  • Cross-Linking Reagents
  • Endopeptidases
  • Ethyldimethylaminopropyl Carbodiimide
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Molecular Weight
  • Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism
  • Protein Structure, Secondary*
  • Rabbits


  • Actins
  • Cross-Linking Reagents
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Endopeptidases
  • Ethyldimethylaminopropyl Carbodiimide