Management of oral-pharyngeal dysphagia symptoms in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Dysphagia. 1996 Spring;11(2):129-39. doi: 10.1007/BF00417903.


Oral and pharyngeal dysphagia is a common symptom in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and is the result of a progressive loss of function in bulbar and respiratory muscles. Clinicians involved in the management of ALS patients should be familiar with the common clinical findings and the usual patterns of temporal progression. The prevention of secondary complications, such as nutritional deficiency and dehydration that compound the deteriorating effects of the disease, requires careful monitoring of each patient's functional status and timely intervention with appropriate management techniques.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis / complications*
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis / diagnosis
  • Deglutition Disorders / complications*
  • Deglutition Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Deglutition Disorders / therapy
  • Enteral Nutrition*
  • Female
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oropharynx / physiopathology*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Severity of Illness Index