On the efficacy of Co-trimoxazole as an oral treatment for pediculosis capitis infestation

J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 1996 Apr;26(1):73-7.

Abstract

No doubt, pediculosis capitis or Pediculus h. capitis infestation is an increasing health problem particularly among Egyptian children. Many chemical pediculocides are used with a variety of effectiveness and side effects. Meanwhile, Co-trimoxazole (Trimethoprim and sulphamethoxazole) have shown some pediculocidal action. In this paper, Co-trimoxazole was given to patients infested with pediculosis capitis. Prolonged course was needed to free the patients from adult and nymphal stages but not the eggs (nits). The results were discussed. It was concluded that until the discovery of cheap, safe and effective oral drug, topical application of pediculocides as ointment or shampoo is the method of choice.

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Lice Infestations / drug therapy*
  • Pediculus*
  • Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination / administration & dosage
  • Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination / adverse effects
  • Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination / therapeutic use*

Substances

  • Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination