Treatment of dry eye by blocking the lacrimal canaliculi

Surv Ophthalmol. 1996 May-Jun;40(6):463-80. doi: 10.1016/s0039-6257(96)82013-3.


Occlusion of the lacrimal canaliculi improves the objective signs and subjective symptoms of dry eye. In this review, methods of occlusion are classified as surgical, thermal and tamponade. Surgical methods include dacryocystectomy, canalicular ligature, canalicular offset, canalicular excision, transfer of the punctum to dry dock, punctal tarsorrhaphy and punctal patch. Thermal methods include cautery, diathermy and laser burn. Tamponade methods use absorbable inserts of hydroxypropyl cellulose, gelatin, collagen and catgut, and nonabsorbable inserts of silicone (punctum plugs, canalicular plugs), polyethylene, cyanoacrylate, and others. The characteristics of all these methods are analyzed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Electrocoagulation / methods
  • Eyelids / surgery
  • Humans
  • Lacrimal Apparatus / surgery*
  • Laser Therapy
  • Nasolacrimal Duct / surgery
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Suture Techniques
  • Tampons, Surgical
  • Xerophthalmia / diagnosis*
  • Xerophthalmia / etiology
  • Xerophthalmia / surgery*