Acute pancreatitis in Buskerud County, Norway. Incidence and etiology

Scand J Gastroenterol. 1996 Apr;31(4):411-4. doi: 10.3109/00365529609006419.


Background: Data on the incidence of acute pancreatitis in Norway are sparse. Danish studies have shown incidence rates increasing to about 35/100,000 (26-65% alcohol-induced), higher than found in American and British studies.

Methods: We have prospectively registered all cases of acute pancreatitis during 1 year in the county of Buskerud, with a population of 224,000.

Results: The incidence of acute pancreatitis was 41.5 per 100,000. The median age of the patients was 63 years (range, 21-96 years). The main etiologic factors were gallstone disease (51%) and alcohol abuse (15%), whereas 10% of the cases were classified as idiopathic. Pseudocysts or abscesses developed in 8.8%. The mortality was 6.5%.

Conclusion: The incidence of acute pancreatitis in this population is comparable to what has been found elsewhere in Scandinavia, but the relative frequency of alcoholic pancreatitis is substantially less.

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Alcoholism / complications
  • Cholelithiasis / complications
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Norway / epidemiology
  • Pancreatic Pseudocyst / complications
  • Pancreatitis / epidemiology*
  • Pancreatitis / etiology*
  • Pancreatitis / mortality
  • Prospective Studies