We conducted a case-control study based on computer-recorded information accrued in the United Kingdom General Practice Research Database to assess and compare the relation between different antihypertensive drug therapies and myocardial infarction in patients with no known clinical or laboratory risk factors for myocardial infarction other than hypertension. Cases were treated hypertensive patients with no other known risk factors who developed a first acute myocardial infarction between January 1, 1993, and October 31, 1994. They were ascertained from a review of the clinical record together with a questionnaire filled out by the attending general practitioner. Controls were matched to each case for age, sex, general practice, and index date. Antihypertensive therapy was derived from the computerized patient record. The study consisted of 210 cases and 793 controls. Compared with users of beta-blockers alone, the adjusted relative risk (RR) estimates for all other treatment regimens were close to 1.0. A comparison of users of calcium channel blockers alone with users of beta-blockers alone yielded a RR estimate of 0.9 (95% CI 0.5, 1.7). We conclude that the risk of acute myocardial infarction in otherwise healthy, treated hypertensive patients is not materially associated with the particular drug they receive.