Candida albicans: a review of its history, taxonomy, epidemiology, virulence attributes, and methods of strain differentiation

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1996 Apr;25(2):136-44. doi: 10.1016/s0901-5027(96)80060-9.


The dimorphic yeast Candida albicans has been recognized as an increasingly important human pathogen particularly in immunocompromised hosts because of advanced age, infection or immunosuppressive therapy. This review outlines the history, taxonomy and epidemiology of this medically important yeast as well as discussing some of characteristics which are purported to be related to its virulence. Methods utilized for strain differentiation in the study of the epidemiologic relationship of members of this species are discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Candida albicans* / classification
  • Candida albicans* / genetics
  • Candida albicans* / pathogenicity
  • Candidiasis / epidemiology
  • Candidiasis, Oral / epidemiology
  • Cell Adhesion
  • DNA, Fungal / genetics
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • Humans
  • Mycological Typing Techniques
  • Mycotoxins
  • Prevalence
  • Virulence


  • DNA, Fungal
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Mycotoxins