A self-efficacy scale for HIV risk behaviors: development and evaluation

AIDS Educ Prev. 1996 Apr;8(2):97-105.


To measure self-efficacy with respect to risk behaviors for HIV infection, a set of questionnaire items was developed regarding condom use, drug use with friends, and negotiations with potential sex partners. These items were tested with a sample of Latinos aged 14 to 22 years in two New England cities. A nine-item self-efficacy scale was found to have a high level of internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = .77). Reliability coefficients were similar for men, women, and both English- and Spanish-speaking respondents. Strong associations with recent performance accomplishments, as specified in Bandura's social cognitive theory, support the construct validity of the scale.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior / ethnology*
  • Adult
  • Attitude to Health / ethnology*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Condoms / statistics & numerical data
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • HIV Infections / ethnology
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • Health Behavior / ethnology
  • Hispanic Americans / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • New England
  • Puerto Rico / ethnology
  • Regression Analysis
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sampling Studies
  • Self-Assessment*
  • Sex Factors
  • Sexual Behavior / ethnology
  • Sexual Behavior / psychology
  • Substance Abuse, Intravenous / ethnology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*
  • Treatment Outcome