Anatomic study of anterior frontal cortical bridging veins with special reference to the frontopolar vein

Neurosurgery. 1996 May;38(5):971-5. doi: 10.1097/00006123-199605000-00024.


Anatomic variations of the frontopolar vein were investigated in 21 cadaver brains to improve the preservation rate of this vein in interhemispheric surgery for anterior communicating aneurysms. Most of the frontopolar vein has been considered to drain the outer convex side of the frontal lobe, but in reality, the area of its venous drainage was found to cover a large part of the frontal lobe, including its medial and basal surfaces. This observation suggests that sacrifice of the vein during surgery carries a risk of venous infarction. Therefore, care must be taken to not injure the vein during surgery. The mean distance between the frontopolar vein and the most anterior point of the frontal lobe was 31.1 mm. Although the vein became smaller close to the frontal tip, the mean diameter of the vein was 1.9 mm. Morphologically, approximately two-thirds of the frontopolar veins was found to have a "main trunk." The frontopolar vein can be spared during surgery by using a flexible surgical technique incorporating vein dissection or additional craniotomy.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cerebral Infarction / pathology
  • Cerebral Infarction / prevention & control
  • Cerebral Veins / injuries
  • Cerebral Veins / pathology*
  • Cerebral Veins / surgery
  • Dominance, Cerebral / physiology
  • Female
  • Frontal Lobe / blood supply*
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / pathology
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / surgery
  • Intraoperative Complications / pathology
  • Intraoperative Complications / prevention & control
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Regional Blood Flow / physiology
  • Risk Factors