Effect of oculomotor and other visual skills on reading performance: a literature review

Optom Vis Sci. 1996 Apr;73(4):283-92. doi: 10.1097/00006324-199604000-00011.


The diagnosis and management of many oculomotor anomalies is within the domain of optometry. Thus, a thorough understanding of these systems and their relation to reading performance is vital. Efficient reading requires accurate eye movements and continuous integration of the information obtained from each fixation by the brain. A relation between oculomotor efficiency and reading skill has been shown in the literature. Frequently, these visual difficulties can be treated successfully with vision therapy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aptitude
  • Dyslexia / therapy
  • Eye Movements
  • Humans
  • Oculomotor Muscles / physiology*
  • Orthoptics / methods
  • Reading*
  • Saccades
  • Vision, Ocular / physiology*
  • Visual Pathways / physiology