Use of modern craniofacial techniques for comprehensive reconstruction of the acromegalic face

Ann Plast Surg. 1996 Apr;36(4):403-8; discussion 408-9. doi: 10.1097/00000637-199604000-00015.

Abstract

The severe acromegalic patient poses a difficult reconstructive dilemma to the craniofacial surgeon. Significant facial deformities can include frontal bossing, prominent supraorbital ridges, malar flatness, maxillary hypoplasia, mandibular prognathism with class III malocclusion, and macrogenia. Reports on the correction of these deformities are rare. Prior publications describe long hospital stays, weeks of intermaxillary fixation, requirement for a tracheostomy, as well as the need for multiple, staged procedures and interdisciplinary teams. In an effort to extend the advances of modern craniofacial techniques to this group of patients, we performed an extensive reconstruction on a 28-year-old acromegalic patient using a one-stage procedure without the use of intermaxillary fixation and without the added morbidity of a tracheostomy. The procedure addressed the skeletal deformities of the upper face, the midface, and the lower face. The operation was performed by a single plastic surgery team and the patient was extubated in 36 hours and discharged in 6 days. We believe that the use of rigid fixation and the judicious application of modern craniofacial principles can allow a complex yet safe one-stage procedure to reconstruct the acromegalic face. Such an approach showed decreased perioperative morbidity and provided an excellent functional and aesthetic result.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Acromegaly / surgery*
  • Adult
  • Face / abnormalities*
  • Face / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Skull / abnormalities*
  • Skull / surgery*
  • Surgery, Plastic*