How I do it. Arteriovenous malformation management

Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. Mar-Apr 1996;19(2):65-71. doi: 10.1007/BF02563895.


Arteriovenous malformations (AVM) are rare vascular lesions that can present with a myriad of clinical presentations. In our institutions, initial workup consists of a clinical exam, color Doppler imaging, and magnetic resonance imaging. After the initial noninvasive workup, arteriography, at times closed system venography, and ethanol endovascular repair of the AVM is performed under general anesthesia. Depending on the size of the lesion, additional Swan-Ganz line and arterial line monitoring are performed. Patients are usually observed overnight and uneventfully discharged the following day if no complication occurs. Patients are followed at periodic intervals despite cure of their lesion. Long-term follow-up is essential in AVM management.

MeSH terms

  • Arteriovenous Malformations / diagnosis
  • Arteriovenous Malformations / therapy*
  • Catheterization, Peripheral / methods
  • Diagnostic Imaging
  • Embolization, Therapeutic / methods*
  • Ethanol / administration & dosage*
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Recurrence
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Ethanol