Cloning of collagenase 3 from the synovial membrane and its expression in rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis

J Rheumatol. 1996 Apr;23(4):590-5.


Objective: To analyze synovial membrane of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) for the expression of unknown matrix metalloproteinases (MMP).

Methods: Degenerate oligonucleotides corresponding to highly conserved regions of the MMP gene family and the rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) method have been used to search for new members of this gene family. MMP gene expression has been characterized by Northern blot analysis.

Results: We cloned a MMP cDNA from the synovial membrane that is completely identical to the recently published collagenase 3 cDNA derived from a human breast cancer cDNA library (Freije, et al: J Biol Chem 1994;269:16766-73). Collagenase 3 is expressed in parallel with interstitial collagenase and stromelysin 1 in RA and osteoarthritis (OA). Collagenase 3 gene expression was not detected in several normal human tissues.

Conclusion: The expression of collagenase 3 in the synovial membrane in RA and OA suggests its involvement in articular tissue degradation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / enzymology*
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Collagenases / biosynthesis*
  • Collagenases / genetics
  • DNA, Complementary / analysis
  • Female
  • Gene Expression
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 1
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 13
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 3
  • Metalloendopeptidases / biosynthesis
  • Metalloendopeptidases / genetics
  • Middle Aged
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oligonucleotide Probes / chemistry
  • Osteoarthritis / enzymology*
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • Synovial Membrane / enzymology*


  • DNA, Complementary
  • Oligonucleotide Probes
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Collagenases
  • MMP13 protein, human
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 13
  • Metalloendopeptidases
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 3
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 1