Primary seborrhoea in English springer spaniels: a retrospective study of 14 cases

J Small Anim Pract. 1996 Apr;37(4):173-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-5827.1996.tb01955.x.

Abstract

Primary seborrhoea was diagnosed in 14 English springer spaniels over a 17-year period. Seven of the dogs developed clinical signs by two years of age. The dermatosis began as a generalised non-pruritic dry scaling which gradually worsened. Some dogs remained in this dry (seborrhoea sicca) stage, but in most cases the dermatosis became greasy and inflamed (seborrhoea oleosa and seborrhoeic dermatitis). Eight of the dogs suffered from recurrent episodes of superficial or deep bacterial pyoderma. Histological findings in skin biopsy specimens included marked orthokeratotic hyperkeratosis of surface and infundibular epithelium, papillomatosis, parakeratotic capping of the papillae, and superficial perivascular dermatitis in which lymphocytes and mast cells were prominent. The dogs with seborrhoea sicca responded more satisfactorily to therapy with topical emollient-humectant agents or oral omega-3/omega-6 fatty acid supplementation. Dogs with seborrhoea oleosa and seborrhoeic dermatitis did not respond satisfactorily to topical therapy. One dog, however, responded well to etretinate and omega-3/omega-6 fatty acid administration. No dog was cured.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Dermatitis, Seborrheic / complications
  • Dermatitis, Seborrheic / pathology
  • Dermatitis, Seborrheic / therapy
  • Dermatitis, Seborrheic / veterinary*
  • Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
  • Dog Diseases / pathology*
  • Dog Diseases / therapy
  • Dogs
  • Female
  • Keratolytic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Keratosis, Seborrheic / pathology
  • Keratosis, Seborrheic / veterinary
  • Male
  • Retrospective Studies

Substances

  • Dietary Fats
  • Keratolytic Agents